^ Jump up to: a b Weinstein A, Livny A, Weizman A (2016). "Brain Imaging Studies on the Cognitive, Pharmacological and Neurobiological Effects of Cannabis in Humans: Evidence from Studies of Adult Users". Current Pharmaceutical Design. 22 (42): 6366–6379. doi:10.2174/1381612822666160822151323. PMID 27549374. 1)The studies reviewed so far demonstrated that chronic cannabis use has been associated with a volume reduction of the hippocampus...3)The overall conclusion arising from these studies is that recent cannabis users may experience subtle neurophysiological deficits while performing on working memory tasks, and that they compensate for these deficits by "working harder" by using additional brain regions to meet the demands of the task.
Only a handful of countries have legalized recreational marijuana. Uruguay was one of the first, in 2013. The Netherlands is perhaps the country most known for legal marijuana, yet the drug is illegal there. Spain has given its citizens the rights to grow and consume cannabis privately. Peru also allows citizens to possess marijuana as long as it is for personal, private use. As in Costa Rica, where people can have a “small amount,” without legal trouble.
^ Jump up to: a b Resstel LB, Tavares RF, Lisboa SF, Joca SR, Corrêa FM, Guimarães FS (January 2009). "5-HT1A receptors are involved in the cannabidiol-induced attenuation of behavioural and cardiovascular responses to acute restraint stress in rats". British Journal of Pharmacology. 156 (1): 181–8. doi:10.1111/j.1476-5381.2008.00046.x. PMC 2697769. PMID 19133999.
Grant says this may lead to a “dampening” or mellowing of some neurochemical processes, including those linked to pain. “CBD may also react with other receptors, like those for serotonin, and it may have actions that reduce the inflammatory molecules produced whenever there is tissue damage or bacteria coming in,” he says. “But we really don’t know the mechanisms.”
Chronic pain is a major issue in the health sector and millions of people rely on pain medication to go about their normal lives, but synthetic painkillers are known for causing side effects that make them unsafe for long-term use. Alternative pain treatments like hemp oil have shown a lot of promise for people with injury-related pain, arthritis, and other types of chronic pain.
You can use Nutiva Organic Hempseed Oil in smoothies, salads, vegetables and pasta dishes. To conserve the essential fatty acids, we suggest you use it raw or gently heated. It's not suitable for frying. Hemp is loaded with all 20 amino acids, including the nine essential amino acids that are not manufactured in the body, and must come from food. Amino acids are essential for many metabolic processes, including building muscle tissue.
The earliest recorded uses date from the 3rd millennium BC.[32] Since the early 20th century, cannabis has been subject to legal restrictions. The possession, use, and sale of cannabis is illegal in most countries of the world.[33][34] Medical cannabis refers to the physician-recommended use of cannabis, which takes place in Canada, Belgium, Australia, the Netherlands, Germany, Spain, and 31 U.S. states.[35] In September 2018, cannabis was legalized in South Africa[36] while Canada legalized recreational use of cannabis in October 2018.[37]
In recent years however, with increasing state legalization of cannabis and a burgeoning multibillion-dollar cannabis industry, US farmers have increasingly lobbied to remove federal restrictions against growing hemp. The Agricultural Act of 2014 (aka the 2014 Farm Bill) signed by President Obama set the stage for this to happen by loosened restrictions on hemp, allowing universities and state agriculture departments to grow it for research purposes. Now the 2018 Farm Bill opens those gates more broadly, allowing licensed farmers to grow hemp and transport it across state lines based on agreements and regulations to be established between states and the federal government.
Extraction: The method by which CBD oil is processed from hemp plants can be very telling. Some manufacturers extract and process the oil using toxic materials like propane or butane; in most cases, these oils are cheaply priced. Safer extraction and processing agents include ethanol, which cleans the hemp plant of unwanted toxins; and supercritical carbon dioxide extraction, which strips harmful materials from the plant by changing the carbon dioxide’s temperature and pressure settings.

The rosemary acts as a natural antioxidant preservative. It also supplies terpenoids, including camphene, pinene, and limonene, that support a healthy inflammatory response and promote relaxation.* Hops is a very close cousin of hemp and many of the compounds in hops are complementary to those in hemp. The hops in Hemp Oil + provides a source of the terpenoids humulon and lupulon that are synergistic with the phytocannabinoids in support of the ECS.*


Chronic pain wears on your nerves. It is common for patients to experience severe anxiety. Historically, patients have been prescribed benzodiazepines (Valium and Xanax) to deal with this problem. Unfortunately, the combination of narcotics and benzos has led to increased overdose deaths. During our study it was clear that our patients experienced less anxiety. Instead of reaching for a friend’s benzo or alcohol to deal with their anxiety, they instead started reaching for their CBD oil.
The situation isn’t much better in the UK; there are so many legal grey areas surrounding cannabis in hemp and CBD form that nobody knows the full extent of the law today. CBD oil is completely legal in the UK, but there is apparent illegality surrounding the possession of hemp flowers. This article is a good read for looking at cannabis laws (including hemp and CBD) in the UK
FDA is not aware of any evidence that would call into question its current conclusions that THC and CBD products are excluded from the dietary supplement definition under sections 201(ff)(3)(B)(i) and (ii) of the FD&C Act. Interested parties may present the agency with any evidence that they think has bearing on this issue.  Our continuing review of information that has been submitted thus far has not called our conclusions into question.
One of the most profound uses of cannabidiol oil is for the relief of arthritic pain. There are two kinds of arthritis, rheumatoid and osteoarthritis, both resulting in swelling and stiffness in joints.  Scientific studies have documented that the application of CBD oil can help assuage the pain caused by inflammations. Results have been encouraging. Health associations and the government, alike, are optimistic about the role of CBD oil in bringing solace to arthritic patients.
According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 116 people died every-day from opioid-related drug overdoses in 2016. Forty percent of these deaths involved a prescription opioid and in 2017, the government declared the opioid crisis a public health emergency. Opioids are typically prescribed by health care providers as a way to manage and treat pain. But what if there was a better solution?
About 49% of the weight of hempseed is an edible oil[7] that contains 76% as essential fatty acids; i.e., linoleic acid, omega-6 (LA, 54%), alpha-linolenic acid, omega-3 (ALA, 17%), in addition to gamma-linolenic acid (GLA, 3%), monounsaturated fat (5% to 11%), and stearidonic acid (2%).[8] Hemp seed oil contains 5% to 7% saturated fat.[7][8] In common with other oils, hempseed oil provides 9 kcal/g. Compared with other culinary oils it is low in saturated fatty acids.[8]
Truly! I found out through import/export contacts that I could actually buy CBD not only in 55-gallon drums but in those massive containers like gas comes in .. just for a few thousand bucks!! I knew right then, if I had the money, I’d be ripping off the suckers there by the thousands – but I didn’t have the money, and probably .. maybe … wouldn’t REALLY want to do that! LOL Frankly, I cannot blame the sellers anymore. PT Barnum said it best, “There’s a sucker born every minute.” And if we suckers don’t wise the hell up, we almost deserve to have our money taken from our pockets.
After seasonal harvests of specific cultivars, these high-CBD hemp crops are put through a specialized solvent-free extraction process to yield a hemp oil that is naturally high in cannabidiol. This pure hemp extract is then tested for safety, quality, and cannabinoid content before being exported to our processing facilities in the United States. Importing any cannabis or hemp product into the United States is a complicated and serious task, so we leave nothing to chance before our high-CBD hemp oil makes its journey across the Atlantic Ocean.

Some jurisdictions use free voluntary treatment programs and/or mandatory treatment programs for frequent known users. Simple possession can carry long prison terms in some countries, particularly in East Asia, where the sale of cannabis may lead to a sentence of life in prison or even execution. Political parties, non-profit organizations, and causes based on the legalization of medical cannabis and/or legalizing the plant entirely (with some restrictions) have emerged in such countries as China and Thailand.[224][225]
Frequent questions have been raised as to whether psychoactive drugs may be adequately blinded (masked) in randomized clinical trials. Internal review and outside analysis have confirmed that blinding in Sativex spasticity studies has been effective (Clark and Altman 2006; Wright 2005). Sativex and its placebo are prepared to appear identical in taste and color. About half of clinical trial subjects reported previous cannabis exposure, but results of two studies (Rog et al 2005; Nurmikko et al 2007) support the fact that cannabis-experienced and naïve patients were identical in observed efficacy and adverse event reporting
In 2016, the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) created a new coding category to classify “marihuana extracts” like CBD, but in doing so made clear that CBD was still classified as a Schedule I drug and therefore still illegal. Although the 2018 FDA approval of Epidiolex meant that the DEA removed this specific CBD drug from Schedule I classification, all other non-FDA approved forms for CBD remained classified as Schedule I drugs.
Way, John. It’s amazing how life can be running along great one day, you’re bothering no one, loving others, minding your own business, enjoying your work and then one crooked cop can railroad you. This cop who screwed me over–Robert Bifano– failed to arrest a suicidal AWOL soldier a few years ago and the guy went on to kill his wife and then shot himself. Bifano got sued for his ineptitude.
CBD, or Cannabidiol, is a compound known as a cannabinoid. Cannabinoids are compounds that act on certain neurotransmitters throughout your body’s Endocannabinoid System (ECS). The ECS is responsible for regulating pain, inflammation, recovery time, sleep, and much more. When CBD is applied, consumed, or vaped, it encourages your ECS to produce more cannabinoids to reduce distress. The CBD in our Pain Rub may be able to alleviate pain and inflammation when it is applied to the desired area.
Despite its centrality in human cultures across the globe, the European taxonomists who bequeathed Cannabis sativa its name didn’t quite get it right. When Carolus Linneaus came to naming the marijuana plant’s genus, he thought there was only one species, instead of the three we now know exist. Hence the confusion surrounding the fact that there are three distinct species of the genus Cannabis sativa, one of which is the sativa species.
I don’t have chronic pain exactly but I’ve been waking up with back pain for the past several years, from some unknown cause… maybe how I’m sleeping or I’m just getting old or something. I decided to try CBD oil since I’ve been hearing so much about it, I take it before bed and not only do I sleep better now but I also don’t wake up with pain anymore. It’s great. I guess it relaxes my muscles or something so they don’t end up becoming tight overnight? I have no idea but hey if it works it works.
CBD is an abbreviation for cannabidiol which is a chemical compound found naturally in the cannabis plant. It contains untraceable amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the principal psychoactive element in marijuana which means CBD will NOT get you “high.” In addition, you will not fail any drug tests since these tests do not detect such low levels of THC. Over the past four decades, there have been numerous studies conducted that highlight the potential benefits of CBD.

Until recently, medical science knew very little about the endocannabinoid system and how CBD and THC attach themselves to brain receptors to carry out their effects in the body. There are at least two receptors that interact with cannabis compounds to generate the effects we’ve gotten used to. THC attaches to CB1 receptors to generate the euphoric feeling that marijuana is known for, and CBD, which contains no psychoactive ingredient, attaches to CB2 receptors, and among other things, it counteracts the effects of CB1 receptors and assists the body in managing pain.
Not all of America has access to medical cannabis yet, but the whole country has access to hemp-derived CBD. The eight pain clinics that I run in North Carolina have been recommending CBD to patients for a couple of years now and observing some incredible results. We continue to learn everyday what CBD can and can’t do for our patients in chronic pain.

Until very recently, the most convincing evidence that cannabis use precipitates schizophrenia came from a 15-year prospective study of cannabis use and schizophrenia in 50 465 Swedish conscripts (Andreasson et al., 1987). This study investigated the relationship between self-reported cannabis use at age 18 and the risk of being diagnosed with schizophrenia in the Swedish psychiatric case register during the next 15 years. Andreasson and colleagues found a dose–response relationship between the risk of schizophrenia and the number of times cannabis had been used by age 18 (1.3 times higher for those who had used cannabis 1–10 times, 3 times higher for those who had used cannabis 1–50 times, and 6 times higher for those who had used cannabis more than 50 times). These risks were reduced after statistical adjustment for potentially confounding variables (a psychiatric diagnosis at age 18, and parental divorce), but the relationships remained statistically significant.
^ Parliament of the Czech Republic (1998), Explanatory Report to Act No. 112/1998 Coll., which amends the Act No. 140/1961 Coll., the Criminal Code, and the Act No. 200/1990 Coll., on misdemeanors (in Czech), Prague "Podle čl. 36 Jednotné úmluvy o omamných látkách ze dne 31. března 1961 (č. 47/1965 Sb.) se signatáři zavazují k trestnímu postihu tam uvedených forem nakládání s drogami včetně jejich držby. Návrh upouští od dosavadní beztrestnosti držby omamných a psychotropních látek a jedů pro svoji potřebu. Dosavadní beztrestnost totiž eliminuje v řadě případů možnost postihu dealerů a distributorů drog."

Cibaderm® offers a full line of CBD hemp oil body care products. Their CBD Hemp Oil Body Wash contains a unique blend of CBD hemp oil and organic steam-distilled essential oils. The Cibaderm® Body Lotion is packed with 50 mg CBD Hemp Nourish™ to leave the skin silky soft. The Hand Cream contains 25 mg CBD combined with powerful antioxidants like vitamin E. Cibaderm® also offers innovative hemp CBD infused hair care products, including Hemp Shampoo and and CBD Hemp Soft™ Conditioner.

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